Is Mother Earth Running Out of Water?
Imagine opening the tap and no water comes out. What would you do if you had to wait for hours in a line just to get a few liters of fresh water?
Sounds like an apocalyptic scene from the movies, right?
It’s not. This is precisely what is happening in many rural areas of the world. Water shortages are becoming more common and unless water wastage is reduced, the world is expected to run out of fresh water in the near future.
The worst part is that even major cities will not be spared! Take Cape Town for instance. In 2017, the major African city ran out of clean water. The crisis was averted, but only narrowly.
Your city could be next.
Why is the World Running Out of Water?
Freshwater is becoming scarcer for several reasons. Here are the top 4 causes of water shortages:
Poor Agricultural Practices
Did you know that over 70% of the world’s freshwater sources are used up in agriculture? While this may seem necessary, the picture is bleaker than you would expect.
Consider the fact that a pair of jeans can take up to 10000 liters of water to make!
Water-intensive crops like cotton and coffee are the primary culprits for freshwater scarcity. So, the next time you drink a cup of coffee, know that you are drinking what was made using over 100 liters of water!
In addition to this, many areas have poor agricultural practices that cause less water to reach where it’s needed the most.
For example, many farmers water their plants in the daytime, which causes most of the water to evaporate.
Better farming practices can significantly reduce the amount of freshwater wastage and (hopefully) save the Earth.
Pollution of Natural Water Sources
Climate change and human waste also play a major role in destroying the existing water sources. Many factories still dump dangerous chemical waste into freshwater sources. This industrial waste can affect what’s left of the clean water available.
Pollution also causes hotter temperatures, leading to many reservoirs and lakes losing thousands of liters of water daily. This could lead to more droughts.
Coal powered power plants often consume the most water, followed by other non-renewable sources. The generation of electricity uses trillions of liters of water each year.
The best way to solve this issue is to invest in better electricity generation methods. This could include more advanced cooling systems in power plants and more investment in renewable energy.
Did you know that a leaking pipe can waste more than 300 liters of water a year (if it’s a small leak!)? While commercial water wastage is a problem, water wastage on an individual level is also an issue. Many people use tap water to water the garden, wash their cars with hose pipes and do other water wasting activities without thought of long-term effects.
By practicing simple water saving tips, you can do your part in saving the planet from a major water crisis.